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IW 06

Argentina

Tucumanazo

(GREAT TRIUMPH IN TUCUMAN)

Daniel Blanco y Martín Correa
Daniel Blanco and Martín Correa, delegates to the constitutional convention for the Partido Obrero.

The Partido Obrero has gained two seats in the elections held in the province of Tucumán to elect delegates to the constituent convention. In some departments, the vote oscillated between 10 and 13%; reaching 25% in some regions. The PO vote caused a real commotion in the province. The only prior public opinion poll was giving the PO barely more than 0.5% of voter intention. The results have turned the Partido Obrero into the third most voted political force in the province.

A regime of cliques

Tucumán is governed by a clique, whose visible head is José Alperovich, former Radical economy minister in the last Justicialist government. All the interested parties of big capital in the province are making enormous profits. Alperovich has achieved, in two years, an incredible concentration of power. He is the head of a clique which forms an integral part of the huge deals involved in public works, the financial system, the promotion of gambling, the citrus sector and even in used cars dealerships.

The aim is to make the reform necessary in order to bury the Constitution which the genocide Bussi ordered approved in 1990. It is a haox, because the crucial point in the reform is the elimination of the clause prohibiting the reelection of all provincial and municipal political posts, both executive and legislative. That is, the elimination of perpetuation in power.

Although the reelection objective united the various cliques comprising the local PJ, the mere announcement that Alperovich's convention delegates would be promoting the indefinite reelection of their chief made the situation among the cliques promoting single-term elections tense. Conscious of the fragility of his alliance with the PJ, Alperovich formed the Participación Cívica party, as a kind of back-up.

An opposition in decomposition

The range of parties forming the bosses' opposition opted out of the elections. The thing is that the big capitalist groups support Alperovich because they are making profits as never before. Alperovich offers them the continuity of a policy.

The crumbling of the bosses opposition and the co-optation of a part of them by government forces is being repeated in other provinces, such as Salta, Santa Cruz and Santiago del Estero. In all of them, the PO has received significant numbers of votes and municipal and provincial parliamentary posts, and is recognized as one of the main political forces among the opposition and organizer of the struggles of the people in those provinces.

The same process of concentration of power in the hands of the governing clique and of the crumbling of the bosses opposition is taking place nationwide. But the disappearance of the bourgeois opposition does not signify the disappearance of the people's demands, and much less, of the will of the workers to mobilize in order to defend them. From this contradiction is born the possibility of the Argentine working class and revolutionary left being able to bring about the displacement of the bosses parties, and becoming the main opposition —a socialist opposition— to the government of the national bourgeoisie.

A working class and socialist policy

The intervention of the Partido Obrero in the Constituent takes to heart the objective of the masses being able to contrast the abyss existing between the Constituent of Alperovich's politico-economic clique and the aspirations for which they struggle on a daily basis. We will make sure that the demands of the people continue to be aimed at the government, which holds the effective power of the State.

Towards this aim, we are going to use the Constituent as a tribune of political denunciation and socialist propaganda. That is, counter-posing against the capitalist policies of the official representatives the position of the socialists on the social and political regime.

Our politics are that of converting the Constituent into the tribune capable of organizing a working class and socialist opposition of the masses.



Daniel Blanco (*)

Delegate to the Tucumán Constitutional Convention